Petroleum type C
Petroleum Type C has numerous applications. You can use it for stoves, kerosene lamps, heating, burners for greenhouses, …
Benefits of Petroleum Type C
Petroleum type C is a safe, clean and sulfur-free fuel with an excellent yield:
- Safe, since the flash point is higher than 55 ° C;
- Pure in its original form, you do not suffer from odor nuisance when burned;
- As good as sulfur-free, because it contains less than 0.01% sulfur.
This ‘lamp-petroleum’ is specifically suitable for the portable stove with wick or catalyst, as well as the famous cookers. Type C is also a fixed value in agricultural and horticultural applications. With type C the perfection is near.
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Petroleum is actually a synonym for ‘crude oil’. The composition of petroleum (crude oil) varies enormously with the location, thus also the aromatic content and the sulfur content.
Petroleum (crude oil) is pumped up from the ground and contains up to 25% aromatics and is highly sulphurous, up to 4 to 5%.
Petroleum Type C variants sold throughout Europe contain up to 0.006% aromatics and less than 0.0001% sulphur. A world of difference. How this is possible has everything to do with which product serves as the basis for the stove fuel and the various treatments that this basic product undergoes during the production process.
In the refinery, the basic product petroleum (crude oil) is refined through the ‘refining process’ into, among other things, gas oil, kerosene, naphtha. This creates a number of raw materials for, for example, the production of asphalt roads, motor oil and jet fuel.
The raw material from which stove fuel is made is kerosene. Before this kerosene is suitable as stove fuel, the raw material undergoes a lot of processing. First, the kerosene is distilled and separated into two streams.
The first flow results in Jet-Kero (or Jet A or Jet A1). This product is used as jet fuel. Due to the low flash point of +/- 35 to 40°C and a high aromatic and sulfur content, this product is not suitable as a heater fuel.
The second stream results in a lamp oil for heating. But beware, this product still contains between 20 and 25% aromatics and the sulfur content is still much too high at about 0.03%. The product smells and burns incompletely. The lamp oil may only be used as fuel for stoves that are connected to a chimney. If lamp petroleum is used as fuel in portable heaters, health and safety is endangered, and the life of the heater is also significantly shortened.
Certain criteria have been laid down by the government for the composition of stove fuels. The only European legislation in this regard is French legislation (NF 128 arrêté 25-06-2010). Only when the criteria of this French law are met, the product is suitable as a stove fuel for portable stoves without an external outlet.
This legislation states that a maximum of 1% aromatics and 0.0005% sulfur may be present and that the flash point must be at least 61 degrees. This can be achieved by further processing the lamp petroleum product with hydrogenation. In this processing process aromatics are removed and the sulfur content is significantly reduced.
Types of Petroleum
Petroleum Type A is mainly used in industrial combustion plants. Type A has a flash point below 23°C.
Petroleum Type B (NBN T 52-708) is mainly used in the agricultural industry. This type of petroleum has a good CO2 score, which makes it very suitable for use in different types of cultivation. For agricultural and horticultural purposes, you can apply for an exemption from excise duties through the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
Type B may also be used in a kerosene heater if it is connected to a chimney. So not in the well-known Zibro heaters (movable heaters without external discharge). Type B has a low sulfur content.
Petroleum Type C (NBN T 52-707) may be used in kerosene stoves, kerosene lamps, heating (movable stoves without external discharge), burners for conservatories, …
This variant is clear and transparent – white or slightly yellowish in color. The focal point is higher than 55°C (min 61°C) and gives a clean combustion due to the low sulfur content (max 0.01%). Some Type C variants are even completely sulphur-free.
Type C Petroleum is subject to a special excise duty. To prevent illegal use, a EuroMarker is added: coloring agent “Solvent Yellow 12”.
Type C is also available as “Green Petroleum”. In addition to a green dye, this also has an extra additive instead of the yellow dye, so that there is no soot formation during combustion.
In addition, there is also Type C “Low Aromatic” which is a sulfur-free and odor-free variant. This is extremely suitable for portable stoves without external exhaust and hot air guns.
You can use petroleum type C as a combustion agent for your kerosene stoves and cooking fires. The fuel gives a clean combustion, with almost no harmful emissions. Petroleum is a cheap, energy-efficient alternative, especially for rooms that are not equipped with central heating as standard. This way you can easily and quickly heat your garage, attic, shed or workshop.
You can also buy petroleum as an additive for fuel oil (gas oil heating). By adding petroleum (blending) to your fuel oil (gas oil heating), you prevent your above-ground tank or pipes from freezing. Petroleum also provides clean combustion in fuel oil furnaces.